Historically, nutritionists have formulated cattle rations by adding supplements to optimize production responses by using empirical prediction equations that were developed under controlled research conditions. Because these systems attempted to predict nutritional requirements and availabilities for all types of cattle, feeds and environmental or management conditions, the nutritional recommendations often contained significant “safety factors”. The extra nutrients contained in these safety factors to ensure that nutrient requirements were met often increased nutrient excretion and contributed to adverse effects on water and air quality (Fox et al., 2004).
The Large Ruminant Nutrition System (LRNS) is a computer program that estimates beef and dairy cattle requirements and nutrient supply under specific conditions of animal type, environment (climatic factors), management, and physicochemical composition of available feeds, using the computational engine of the Cornell Net Carbohydrate and Protein System (CNCPS) model as published by Fox et al. (2004).
The LRNS, as well as the CNCPS, was developed from basic principles of rumen function, microbial growth, feed digestion and passage and animal physiology. By accounting for farm-specific management, environmental and feed characteristics, more accurate prediction of the growth and milk production of cattle and nutrient excretion in diverse production situations have been possible. The CNCPS was first published in 1992 and 1993 in a series of four papers (Fox et al., 1992; O'Connor et al., 1993; Russell et al., 1992; Sniffen et al., 1992), and the model has been continually refined and improved over the last 15 years (Ainslie et al., 1993; Fox et al., 1995; Fox and Tylutki, 1998; Fox et al., 2002; Fox et al., 1999; Klausner et al., 1998; Lanzas, 2006; Lanzas et al., 2007a; Lanzas et al., 2007b; Lanzas et al., 2007c; Pitt et al., 1996; Seo et al., 2006a; Seo et al., 2006b; Tedeschi et al., 2002a; Tedeschi et al., 2002b; Tedeschi et al., 2006a; Tedeschi et al., 2000a; Tedeschi et al., 2005a; Tedeschi et al., 2002c; Tedeschi et al., 2000b; Tedeschi et al., 2000c; Tedeschi et al., 2003; Tedeschi et al., 2001; Tedeschi et al., 2006b; Tylutki and Fox, 1997; Tylutki et al., 1994; Tylutki et al., 2007).
The LRNS is programmed in Microsoft Visual Basic 6.0 and it works with most IBM-PC compatible computers that have Microsoft Windows XP or
The current version of the Large Ruminant Nutrition System is 1.0.28.
The LRNS will expire after 5 uses if not registered by the end of the grace period. You can register your copy by submitting the registration number in the Purchase page. If applicable, registration codes will not be given out until the cost of registering your copy is paid in full.
Dr. Luis Orlindo Tedeschi
Dr. Danny G. Fox
September 7, 2012. If you are receiving "Component Vsocx6.ocx cannot be loaded/found" you need to register Vsocx6.ocx as follows:
- Go to "All Programs\Accessories", right click on "Command Prompt", and select "Run as Administrator"
- Type "cd c:\windows\syswow64" [ENTER]
- Type "regsvr32 vsocx6.ocx /u" [ENTER]
- Hit Ok
- Type "regsvr32 vsocx6.ocx" [ENTER]
- Type "exit" and try executing LRNS
Additional references are listed in the Publications web page.
The following tutorials are available for LRNS.
A list of modifications in the LRNS model can be found here.
Feed Library Conversion Tool
The LRNS FeedDB Conversion tool will convert CNCPS 5.x User-Created Feed Library to LRNS-compatible CNCPS User-Created Feed Library. Download and install the tool listed below and follow these instructions to convert the file.
- Copy the CNCPS 5.x User-Created Feed Library to a temporary folder;
- Open the LRNS FeedDB Conversion tool;
- Select the CNCPS 5.x User-Created Feed Library that was previously copied into the temporary folder by clicking on the first "Open" button on the right;
- Create. If you wish to convert the feeds of the CNCPS 5.x User-Created Feed Library file to a new LRNS-compatible CNCPS User-Created Feed Library file then click on the "Create" button; or
- Merge. If you wish to merge/append the feeds of the CNCPS 5.x User-Created Feed Library file to an existing LRNS-compatible CNCPS User-Created Feed Library file then click on the second "Open" button on the right and locate the LRNS-compatible CNCPS User-Created Feed Library file. This file is typically located at "My Documents\TAMU\LRNS Files\Feed Libraries". Then click on the "Merge" button; and
- The "Compact" button can be used to compact the Access MDB file (LRNS-compatible CNCPS User-Created Feed Library.MDB). It does not work with the CNCPS 5.x User-Created Feed Library.MDB.
There are two versions of the LRNS FeedDB Conversion tool. The full version contains the complete Access DB engine whereas the reduced version contains minimum additional dependency files. Typically, newer operational systems would have the Access DB engine and the reduced version is sufficient.
The CNCPS manual is a PDF file that contains the description of the model, tutorial, and the equations used to develop the model.
The Cornell Net Carbohydrate and Protein System web page.
The Cornell-Penn-Miner (CPM) Dairy web page.
The AMTS web page.